Declaration entitled: ‘In response to the challenge of global climate change, a European commitment and local solutions’
If climate change is global, solutions are first and foremost local. Because large cities are at the crossroads of these two levels, they are at the forefront of the fight against climate change.
This is why, we, the European capitals and metropolises that represent more than 60 million inhabitants and have significant investment capacity (€2tn GDP), have decided to join forces and strengthen the instruments that will lead us toward the energy and environmental transition.
We are addressing the major causes of greenhouse gas emissions: polluting transport, old and/or poorly isolated buildings and energy supply.
In parallel, we are launching ambitious projects such as tackle urban sprawl, (re)introduce nature and biodiversity in our cities, improve recycling, fight against waste, move us towards a circular economy, prioritize public transport, increase electrical mobility, refurbish buildings and improve energy efficiency.
Job creation and the seeking of partnerships with rural neighbouring territories are a crucial challenge to succeed. During this meeting in Paris, on March, 26, 2015, we pledge to move further with our respective climate plans.
The second level of action is the European level. Time has now come for European capitals and metropolises to pool our efforts to tackle climate change. This requires a closer dialogue between cities through a more regular exchange of expertise and good practices.
The European diplomacy of cities, respectful of the diversity of territories and local cultures intends to gain rapid and sustainable momentum. Within the European Union, it must be better supported by the European parliament and commission and should benefit from direct European funding.
We must proceed even further by promoting the coordination of public investments on a voluntary basis. Together, European metropolises represent a very substantial public procurement market of about €10bn per year and this has a leverage effect on the private sector that very often aligns its own requirements with the public sector.
These investment expenditures should be concentrated on the “green” sectors of the economy and “low carbon” industries (modernisation of production tools and innovation) and services. This is the initiative we are launching tomorrow in Paris: we strive to coordinate our public procurements to bring about the emergence of a more ecological offer. The Europe of cities is going to take shape through this bold and collaborative approach.
Lastly, we must be more involved at the global level. The efforts we are making, the policies we are pursuing in our cities must contribute to the adoption of a global agreement on climate. We must build on our networks of cities and local governments involved in climate action to create new global governance.
Since the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, 23 years ago, the United Nations has been trying to achieve an international consensus on the issue of climate change while its effects continue to worsen. Today, we have no alternative. The next climate summit in Paris in December 2015 must show that we are fully aware of what is at stake. European metropolises are already acting by proposing local solutions to tackle climate change.
Tomorrow, we will join other cities across the planet – in North and South America, in Africa, in Asia – which implement innovative local solutions. Together, thanks to the cities gathered in networks and in collaboration with citizens, NGOs, the scientific community, entrepreneurs and businesses we will make a difference.
Because cities are amongst the major contributors to climate change, it is our duty to find viable paths for our future. This is the full measure of the synergy between the mayors who are determined to share globally the solutions they have found locally.
Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris; Michael Häupl, mayor of Vienna ; Yvan Mayeur, mayor of Brussels; Jordanka Fandakova, mayor of Sofia; Constantinos Yiorkadjis, mayor of Nicosia; Frank Jensen, mayor of Copenhagen; Jussi Pajunen, mayor of Helsinki ; Alain Juppé, mayor of Bordeaux ; Yiorgos Kaminis, ayor of Athens ; István Tarlós, mayor of Budapest; Christy Burke, mayor of Dublin; Giuliano Pisapia, mayor of Milan; Ignazio Marino, mayor of Rome; Artūras Zuokas, mayor of Vilnius; Antonio Costa, mayor of Lisbon; Sorin Oprescu, mayor of Bucarest; Boris Johnson, mayor of London; Zoran Janković, mayor of Ljubljana; Karin Wanngård, mayor of Stockholm; Sami Kanaan, mayor of Geneva; Ana María Botella Serrano, mayor of Madrid; Alexiei Dingli, mayor of Valletta; Dario Nardella, mayor of Florence; Edgar Savisaar, mayor of Tallinn; Gérard Collomb, mayor of Lyon; Roland Ries, mayor of Strasbourg,